|What Is It?
l-Carnitine is an amino acid found abundantly in skeletal
and heart muscle. It functions primarily to support fat
utilization by acting as a carrier of fatty acids into the
mitochondria, where they are oxidized and converted to
energy. l-Carnitine also facilitates the removal of short
and medium chain fatty acids from the mitochondria
that accumulate during normal metabolic processes. In
studies, l-carnitine has demonstrated the ability to
promote oxygenation of heart muscle and maintain
healthy enzyme activity, support cardiovascular energy,
enhance exercise recovery, and maintain healthy lipid
metabolism. Fumarate, or fumaric acid, is an important
compound, which is also naturally present in the body.
As a component of the Krebs cycle (Citric Acid Cycle),
fumaric acid plays a key role in generating energy.
Combined, l-carnitine and fumarate provide dual support
for energizing the heart and skeletal muscles.*
Uses For l-Carnitine Fumarate
Cardiovascular Support: A randomized double-blind
placebo-controlled trial involving 101 volunteers indicated
that l-carnitine maintained healthy lipid peroxide and
lactate dehydrogenase cardiac enzyme activity.
l-Carnitine may also support ventricular function
and superoxide dismutase enzyme activity. Long-term
l-carnitine supplementation has demonstrated positive
support for cardiovascular health after a 3-year
follow-up in adult subjects. In a recent six-month,
randomized, double-blind placebo-co trolled trial,
l-carnitine supplementation supported healthy lipid
metabolism in volunteers. In a metabolic analysis
performed at George Washington University Medical
Center, carnitine and fumarate provided synergistic
Support For Exercise Recovery: In a prospective doubleblind
placebo-controlled trial, carnitine supplementation
supported training for elite athletes. Additional studies
suggest that l-carnitine promotes exercise recovery by
moderating tissue damage, decreasing production of
free radicals and reducing muscle soreness following
What Is The Source?
l-Carnitine fumarate is synthetically produced. It is patented
worldwide by BIOSINT SpA (58.5% l-carnitine, 41.5%
fumaric acid, US patent number 4,602,039). Vitamin
C (ascorbyl palmitate) is derived from corn dextrose
fermentation and palm oil. Hypo-allergenic plant fiber is
derived from pine cellulose.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These products are not meant to diagnose, treat or cure any disease or medical condition. Please consult your doctor before starting any exercise or nutritional supplement program or before using these or any product during pregnancy or if you have a serious medical condition.
Individual results may vary. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
each vegetable capsule containsl-carnitine (free-form) .................................................................. 340 mg.(from 586 mg. l-carnitine fumarate)(hypo-allergenic plant fiber added to complete capsule volume requirement)
Pure Encapsulations recommends:2-4 capsules per day, in divided doses, between meals.
Are There Any Potential Side Effects Or Precautions?At this time, there are no known side effects or precautions. If pregnant or lactating, consult your physician before taking this product.Are There Any Potential Drug Interactions?At this time, there are no known adverse reactions when taken in conjunction with medications.
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